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知识储备】常见的中国成语英文翻译

时间:2017-07-27 来源:未知  浏览次数:
1.爱屋及乌
Love me, love my dog.
2.百闻不如一见
Seeing is believing.
3.比上不足比下有余
worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of thebest, but be better than the worst.
4.笨鸟先飞
A slow sparrow should make an early start.
5.不眠之夜
white night

6.不以物喜不以己悲
not pleased by external gains, not saddened by personnal losses
7.不遗余力
spare no effort; go all out; do one's best
8.不打不成交
No discord, no concord.
9.拆东墙补西墙
rob Peter to pay Paul
10.辞旧迎新
bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring inthe new

11.大事化小小事化了
try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduceit to nothing at all
12.大开眼界
open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener
13.国泰民安
The country flourishes and people live in peace
14.过犹不及
going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as fallingshort; too much is as bad as too little
15.功夫不负有心人
Everything comes to him who waits.

16.好了伤疤忘了疼
once on shore, one prays no more
17.好事不出门恶事传千里
Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far andwide.
18.和气生财
Harmony brings wealth.
19.活到老学到老
One is never too old to learn.
20.既往不咎
let bygones be bygones

21.金无足赤人无完人
Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect.
22.金玉满堂
Treasures fill the home.
23.脚踏实地
be down-to-earth
24.脚踩两只船
sit on the fence
25.君子之交淡如水
the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedgebetween keeps friendship green

26.老生常谈陈词滥调
cut and dried, cliché
27.礼尚往
Courtesy calls for reciprocity.
28.留得青山在不怕没柴烧
Where there is life, there is hope.
29.马到成功
achieve immediate victory; win instant success
30.名利双收
gain in both fame and wealth

31.茅塞顿开
be suddenly enlightened
32.没有规矩不成方圆
Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards.
33.每逢佳节倍思亲
On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear onesfar away.It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most.
34.谋事在人成事在天
The planning lies with man, the outcome with Heaven. Man proposes,God disposes.
35.弄巧成拙
be too smart by half; Cunning outwits itself

36.拿手好戏
masterpiece
37.赔了夫人又折兵
throw good money after bad
38.抛砖引玉
a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions;throw a sprat to catch a whale
39.破釜沉舟
cut off all means of retreat;burn one‘s own way of retreat and be determined to fight to the end
40.抢得先机
take the preemptive opportunities

41.巧妇难为无米之炊
If you have no hand you can't make a fist. One can't make brickswithout straw.
42.千里之行始于足下
a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highesteminence is to be gained step by step
43.前事不忘后事之师
Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.
44.前人栽树后人乘凉
One generation plants the treesin whose shade another generation rests.One sows and another reaps.
45.前怕狼后怕虎
fear the wolf in front and the tiger behind hesitate in doingsomething

46.强龙难压地头蛇
Even a dragon (from the outside) finds it hard to control a snakein its old haunt - Powerful outsiders can hardly afford to neglect localbullies.
47.强强联手
win-win co-operation
48.瑞雪兆丰年
A timely snow promises a good harvest.
49.人之初性本善
Man's nature at birth is good.
50.人逢喜事精神爽
Joy puts heart into a man.

51.人海战术
huge-crowd strategy
52.世上无难事只要肯攀登
Where there is a will, there is a way.
53.世外桃源
a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;
54.死而后已
until my heart stops beating
55.岁岁平安
Peace all year round.

56.上有天堂下有苏杭
Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhouon earth
57.塞翁失马焉知非福
Misfortune may be an actual blessing.
58.三十而立
A man should be independent at the age of thirty.At thirty, a man should beable to think for himself.
59.升级换代
updating and upgrading (of products)
60.四十不惑
Life begins at forty.

61.谁言寸草心报得三春晖
Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass.
62.水涨船高
When the river rises, the boat floats high.
63.时不我待
Timeand tide wait for no man.
64.杀鸡用牛刀
break a butterfly on the wheel
65.实事求是
seektruth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts

66.说曹操,曹操到
Talk of the devil and he comes.
67.实话实说
speakthe plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is
68.实践是检验真理的唯一标准
Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.
69.山不在高,有仙则名
No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far andwide if there is a fairy;
70.韬光养晦
hideone's capacities and bide one's time

71.糖衣炮弹
sugar-coatedbullets
72.天有不测风云
Anything unexpected may happen. a bolt from the blue
73.团结就是力量
Unity is strength.
74.跳进黄河洗不清
eve if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneselfclean--there's nothing one can do to clear one's name
75.歪风邪气
unhealthypractices and evil phenomena

76.物以类聚人以群分
Birds of a feather flock together.
77.往事如风
Thepast has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is pas
78.望子成龙
holdhigh hopes for one's child
79.屋漏又逢连阴雨
Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours.
80.文韬武略
militaryexpertise; military strategy

81.唯利是图
drawwater to one's mill
82.无源之水,无本之木
water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots
83.无中生有
makecreate something out of nothing
84.无风不起浪
There are no waves without wind. There's no smoke without fire.
85.徇私枉法
bendthe law for the benefit of relatives or friends

86.新官上任三把火
a new broom sweeps clean
87.虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后
Modesty helps one go forward, whereasconceit makes one lag behind.
88.蓄势而发
accumulate strength for a take-off
89.心想事成
Mayall your wish come true
90.心照不宣
havea tacit understanding; give tacit consent; tacit understanding

91.先入为主
Firstimpressions are firmly entrenched.
92.先下手为强
catch the ball before the bound
93.像热锅上的蚂蚁
like an ant on a hot pan
94.现身说法
warnpeople by taking oneself as an example
95.息事宁人
pouroil on troubled waters

96.喜忧参半
mingledhope and fear
97.循序渐进
stepby step
98.一路平安,一路顺风
speed somebody on their way; speed the parting guest
99.严以律己,宽以待人
be strict with oneself and lenient towards others
100鱼米之乡
a land of milk and honey